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Posts from the ‘Project XRW’ Category

Project XRW: Flying Dreams Over Sebastian

April 4th, 2012


Published in Blue Skies Magazine, April 2012.

Flying Dreams: Vero Beach Elementary

Project XRW: Flying Dreams Over Sebastian

The first of a two-part series. Stay tuned for the inside view of Project XRW: Dubai

By Taya Weiss

For two days in January, Raise the Sky partnered with the Skydive Sebastian dropzone and Skydive Chicago to begin a bold expansion of Project XRW. The main goals were to fly the largest mixed canopy-wingsuit flocks ever attempted, to include new wingsuit pilots, and to raise awareness for the Flying Dreams project that brings skydivers into under-resourced schools to connect with kids.

I remember the first time I pulled my new wingsuit out of the box, zipped it on, and flew towards PD Factory Team member Jessica Edgeington under her 71 square foot Velocity. In September 2010 the sight of the canopy, the lines, and Jess’s body coming closer and closer – and then stopping next to me, in freefall – was almost too cool, and crazy, to process.

Fast forward to January 2012. I’m in the door of Skydive Chicago’s Otter over Sebastian’s blue coastline, giving the count to lead six wingsuiters and two videographers down to a 3-way canopy formation. As I fly in, I’m focused on dialing in my no-contact slot so I’m symmetrical with Jessica and Mike Swanson on the other side, at the front of a 9-way. We’ve come a long way, and the more amazing stuff we accomplish, the more there is to learn and wonder at.

The expanded Project XRW Sebastian team accomplished incredible things. The 8- and 9-way flocks were bigger and more challenging than the few smaller, groundbreaking flocks we did at Skydive Elsinore just over a year ago. Edgeington, Jonathan Tagle, Ian Bobo, Jeff Nebelkopf, Will Kitto, and I represented the core founding team. We invited Mike Swanson, Roberta Mancino, Barry Holubeck, Jhonathan Florez, and Mark Harris to fly with us. Raise the Sky’s Eli Bolotin not only stepped up to the plate as our ground crew coordinator once again, but also took on a data collection role. Bionic Avionics sponsored FlySight GPS units for the team, and Eli employed the use of a slightly less high-tech bathroom scale from WalMart to complete our analytical tool kit.

From wing loadings to vertical speeds, we are gathering more and more data from the FlySight GPS units, and we hope to use this information to make Project XRW cooler and safer. Our vertical flocking speeds tended to be in the 32-35 mile per hour range, and canopy pilot wing loadings ranged from 2.7 to 3.2. Jessica Edgeington wore so much weight she wouldn’t have been able to walk to the plane if she didn’t adhere to a notoriously hardcore workout schedule.

Remember when you had never heard of XRW? Well, now we have sub-disciplines. We are learning a lot about engineering and flying no-contact mixed flocks as our numbers expand. For the first time, a group of wingsuiters flew a tight formation inside a 3-way canopy flock. We began to strategize about what’s possible given what we know about burbles and break-offs.

After our flocking goals were achieved, several of us went out to try a 2-stack of Velocities and a wingsuiter surf-style docked underneath. It was the sunset load of the last day, and I had first shot at the dock. Bobo and Tagle got linked up and were flying steady, but as I approached I realized too late that the fall rate of a 2-stack was drastically different from what we had been doing all day, and I blazed past it with too much forward speed – waving hi to Bobo on the way. Will Kitto had followed me to the formation, and had enough reaction time to slow down his forward speed. With a few tries in the remaining altitude, he managed to get linked up with Bobo, and Nebelkopf filmed from above as I laughed my way down to pull altitude with Florez, who had also misjudged the fall rate.

After our last sunset jump, many of us sat down for a Skydive Radio roundtable interview at a picnic table over a few beers. As a group, we contemplated out loud about the newness of it all, and how high-performance canopy lines are less like a web and more like a cheese slicer (see “What can possibly go wrong?”). Team bonding had begun.

The morning after the Project concluded Edgeington, Tagle, Eli Bolotin and I drove to Vero Beach Elementary School to meet with principal Bonnie Swanson and a class of second graders who were extremely knowledgeable about human flight already. When asked what skydivers do, responses included, “they jump and then they ride their parachutes softly to the floor. Also they sometimes jump off cliffs and it’s awesome! And they have to know what the wind is!”

Nearly all of the students at the school are in need of subsidized or free lunches, and many are homeless. We plan to return with more PD Factory Team members in April, when we will spend more time with kids and continue to develop relationships with them. The Flying Dreams project is as much about articulating our core values to ourselves as it is about sharing those values with others.

Team XRW takes risks, and sometimes, we fail. When we don’t make it, we encourage each other to go up and try it again. In skydiving as in life, when you’re still figuring stuff out, you have to do it more than once. Kids who start out with the socio-economic deck stacked against them need that teamwork and confidence as much as we do. Luckily, Skydive Sebastian made us look good even when, as part of the learning process, a formation was less than perfect. And the Skydive Chicago Otter was there, waiting to help us try it again.

What can possibly go wrong?

Just in case you were starting to think it’s easy…

Exits: For wingsuiters, flying larger suits and being very focused on watching and following canopy pilots that can be hard to see out the door creates a higher risk of a tail strike.

Approach: Collisions are always a danger, as in any formation flying. Wingsuit flyers aiming at canopies must have them visible at all times on the approach and take great care in being precise with their aim and flight path. Multiple wingsuits on approach towards canopies need to also be aware of each other to avoid a collision. Finally, high performance canopy flocking comes with its own set of risks, and adding wingsuiters takes away much of a canopy pilot’s range to use evasive maneuvers.

Relative Work: A wingsuiter creates the same vortices that a canopy creates, and just as two canopies move towards each other when bumping end cells, a wingsuiter can get sucked into a canopy’s burble, leading to injuries from contact with taught lines (“like a cheese slicer”) and the possibility of a difficult malfunction for the canopy pilot.

Surf-style docks could result in a premature deployment as the canopy pilot may engage in some some aggressive handling of the wingsuiter’s rig.

When flying smoke to highlight flight paths, chunks can fly off from smoke canisters without screens on them, risking hitting others in the formation because of the different positioning of wingsuiters relative to canopy pilots.

Breakoff: Wingsuiters flying in front of canopies have the potential to burble the high performance parachutes, which can cause malfunctions.

Landing: For canopy pilots, the risks of landing very highly loaded canopies have been well documented. Trim tabs add another layer of risk.


Canopy-wingsuit interaction has a history longer than Project XRW. This timeline represents the evolution of a specific project with a dedicated and highly experienced team of wingsuit flyers, canopy pilots, data crunchers, and ground crew managers.

April 2010

Project XRW: Moab

Raise the Sky organized the first stunt branded “XRW” (eXtreme Relative Work), a term coined by Taya Weiss. Jonathan Tagle of the PD Factory Team flying a Velocity 71 parachute and Jeff Nebelkopf flying a TonySuit X-Bird wingsuit linked up in a surf dock configuration. Videographer: Phil Peggs. Ground crew coordinator: Eli Bolotin.

Charity Benefit: Operation Freefall, “the Two-Mile High Stand Against Sexual Assault”.

September 2010

Project XRW: Elsinore

Jessica Edgeington of the PD Factory Team and Taya Weiss of Raise the Sky became the first women to achieve multiple sustained docks between a wingsuit and parachute. The expanded team, including PD Factory Team members Tagle and Ian Bobo and wingsuit pilots Nebelkopf, Will Kitto, David Gershfeld, and videographer Peggs, flew the first mixed wingsuit-canopy flock and double rodeo docks (two docked wingsuit-canopy pairs in surfing configuration).

Charity Benefit: Raise the Sky launched the Flying Dreams Project to benefit and inspire children in under-resourced schools.

February 2011

Project XRW: Abu Dhabi

At the opening ceremony of the International Defense Exhibition (IDEX) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, a mixed flock was presented as a demonstration jump for the first time. Participants included Edgeington, Tagle, and Bobo of the PD Factory Team, and wingsuit pilots Weiss, Nebelkopf, Peggs, Barry Holubeck, Jeb Corliss, and videographer Craig O’Brien.

August 2011

Project XRW: New England

In the skies over Skydive New England in Lebanon, Maine, Edgeington and Weiss paired up for a low-key exploration of XRW performance at lighter wing loadings. Weiss’s exit weight is approximately 133 pounds, and Edgeington wears 35 pounds of weight in competition. They were able to fly proximate without trim tab risers, and take sustained hand docks at far lighter wing loadings than anything that had been done before.

January 2012

Project XRW: Sebastian

The team expansion project included PD Factory Team pilots Edgeington, Tagle, and Bobo, wingsuit pilots Weiss, Nebelkopf, Kitto, Holubeck, Mike Swanson, Roberta Mancino, Jhonathan Florez, and Mark Harris. The group flew the largest mixed wingsuit-canopy flock to date, a 9-way. The team also experimented with and achieved multiple configurations of 7- and 8-way formations and the world’s first XRW CRW-style surf dock.

Charity Benefit: Raise the Sky’s Flying Dreams Project at Vero Beach Elementary School in Florida.

January-February 2012

Project XRW: Dubai 3D

Team expansion continued with new canopy pilots Billy Sharman, Timmy McMaster, Mikeal Stevens, and Wuzi Wagner (organized by Jonathan Tagle) and the wingsuit pilots from Sebastian (organized by Taya Weiss). More details in the next issue!

Charity Benefit: Raise the Sky’s Flying Dreams Project at the Pastoral Centre Preschool in Soweto, South Africa.

Taya Weiss is an organizer of and participant in Project XRW and co-founder of Raise the Sky, a non-profit organization that connects skydivers with opportunities to do amazing stuff in the sky and in our communities.

Project XRW Elsinore VIDEO!




First women in history dock wingsuit and parachute; “Project XRW” sets new records

XRW Elsinore Press Release



First women in history dock wingsuit and parachute; “Project XRW” sets new records

Click here to download pdf version

CONTACT: Taya Weiss. Tel: +1 (617) 824 0514. Email: [email protected]. High resolution photos and video available on request.

LAKE ELSINORE, CA, 23 September, 2010 – For the first time in the history of human flight, three wingsuit skydivers flew and linked up with three parachutists for simultaneous “human surfing” in the air. One of the linked pairs became the first female team ever to ever “dock” a wingsuit and parachute in flight. Skydiving is an 85 percent male-dominated sport. The surfing pairs held the configurations for a full minute, a new record, at an average vertical descent rate of 33 miles per hour.

On a separate jump, two wingsuit skydivers flew up on either side of a parachutist, taking both his hands in a never-before-seen linked configuration. The wingsuiters decreased their vertical speeds so drastically that their fall-rate computers were unable to tell whether they were in freefall or under a functioning parachute. Advances in technology and skill also allowed the parachutists to speed up vertically while still landing safely. The wingsuit skydivers opened their own parachutes before landing.

Raise the Sky and the Performance Designs Factory Team organized the event at Skydive Elsinore to launch a partnership that will take leadership lessons and the science of human flight into schools. “XRW is grueling and rewarding. We want to share our adrenaline management skills not just with other skydivers, but also with kids for whom the risks and fears of getting through school every day make XRW look tame,” said PD Factory Team member Ian Bobo.

About Raise the Sky:

Raise the Sky is a non-profit organization that uses the promotional power of skydiving to facilitate charitable giving, community involvement, and fearless outreach.

About the Performance Designs Factory Team:

The PD Factory Team is comprised of 10 highly-skilled aerial athletes sponsored by Performance Designs, a manufacturer of high-performance parachutes. With over 85,000 collective jumps, the team dominates the competition circuit domestically and internationally, accumulating multiple world championship victories and world records along the way.


Project XRW Elsinore: Fact Sheet


  • Three wingsuit skydivers in freefall linked up with three parachutists for simultaneous “human surfing” in the air, a first in the history of skydiving.
  • Jessica Edgeington and Taya Weiss are the first female skydivers to dock a wingsuit in freefall and a parachute (and the second pair in the world to surf- and rodeo-style dock).
  • Two wingsuit pilots in freefall simultaneously held hands with a parachutist in flight, another first in the history of skydiving.
  • An unlinked, mixed “flock” of seven wingsuits in freefall and parachutists flew in close proximity for more than a minute, yet another first in the history of skydiving.

Equipment: Parachutists flew 71-square-foot Performance Designs Velocities with special trim tab risers provided by Sun Path Products. Wingsuit skydivers wore TonySuit X-Birds.

Jumps: 20 Project XRW team jumps completed over four days. Location: Skydive Elsinore in Southern California between Los Angeles and San Diego, nestled between Lake Elsinore and the beautiful Ortega mountains.


Wingsuit Skydivers: Taya Weiss – (available for interview). Lead organizer of the US National Wingsuit Record, multiple wingsuit record holder, and advisor to the International Parachuting Commission.

Jeff Nebelkopf – Designer and Chief Test Pilot for TonySuit Wingsuits, multiple wingsuit record holder and winner of time and distance competitions.

Will Kitto – Avid BASE (Building, Antenna, Span, Earth) and skydiving wingsuit pilot based in Southern California.

PD Factory Team Parachutists: Jessica Edgeington – (available for interview). One of the best female canopy pilots in the world. Full bio.

Jonathan Tagle – (available for interview). Gold medal winner, 2010 US National Skydiving Championships of Canopy Piloting. Full bio.

Ian Bobo – Over 12,000 jumps. Gold medal winner in canopy piloting and formation skydiving. Full bio.

Videographers: Phil Peggs, lead videographer (flying a wingsuit). David Gershfeld (flying a wingsuit). Niklas Daniel and Brianne Thompson (ground and shooting from inside the airplane).

Sponsors: Skydive Elsinore, Performance Designs, PD Factory Team, Sun Path, TonySuit Wingsuits, Paralog

Social Impact: Launch of a partnership between Raise the Sky and the PD Factory Team to do community outreach to at-risk youth all over the United States in 2011. Demo jumps into schools (where possible) will be followed by discussions about leadership, risk, teamwork, and the science behind skydiving.